FORENSIC LINGUISTICS: FORMS AND PROCESSES

Georgina Heydon

Abstract


Following a brief introduction to the notion of forensic science and analysis, this paper will explain the different ways in which linguistics has contributed to police investigations and civil law.  The paper will cover linguistic identification using spoken data and written data, and will discuss the use of discourse analysis as well as the more traditional phonetic and syntactic analysis for forensic examinations.  Other applications that will be discussed include analysis for language of origin in refugee status claims, commercial applications and trademark disputes, and lie detection. Each of these applications will be considered critically and in relation to both the validity of the theories underlying them, and the statistical reliability of the analysis used to attain results.

Keywords


Forensic linguistics; police investigations; credibility assessment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chaski, C. 2001. Empirical evaluations of language-based author identification techniques. Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law8 (1): 1-65

Coulthard, Malcolm. 1997. A failed appeal. Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law 4: 287-302.

Coulthard, Malcolm. 2000. Whose text is it? On the linguistic investigation of authorship. In Discourse and Social Life, ed. by Malcolm Coulthard and Srikant Sarangi. Harlow: Longman. Pp. 270-87.

Danet, Brenda. 1980. Language in the Legal Process. Law and Society Review 15: 445-565.

Gibbons, John (ed.). 1994. Language and the Law. London: Longman.

Hall, M. C. and A. M. Collins. 1980. The admission of spectographic evidence: A note of Reg vGilmore. The Australian Law Journal 54: 21-24.

Hammarström, Göran. 1987. Voice identification. The Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences 19 (3): 95-99.

Heydon, Georgina. 2008. The art of deception: myths about lie detection in written confessions. In L. Smets and Aldert Vrij (Eds) Cahiers Policestudies: Special Investigative Interviewing techniques; The use of written - and oral analyses. Brussels, Politeia pp 173-186

Hollien, Harry F. 2002. Forensic Voice Identification. San Diego and London: Academic Press.

Jensen, Marie-Therese. 1995. Linguistic evidence accepted in the case of a non-native speaker of English. In Language in Evidence: Issues Confronting Aboriginal and Multicultural Australia, ed. by Diana Eades. Sydney: University of NSW Press. Pp. 127- 46.

Kaplan, J.P., G.M. Green, C.D. Cunningham and J.N. Levi. 1995. Bringing linguistics into judicial decision-making: semantic analysis submitted to the Supreme Court. Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law 2: 81-98.

Kreidler, Charles W. 1998. Introducing English Semantics. London: Routledge.

Shuy, Roger W. 1993. Language Crimes: The Use and Abuse of Language in the Courtroom. Oxford: Blackwell.

Solan, Lawrence M. 1998. Linguistic experts as semantic tour guides. Forensic Linguistics: The International Journal of Speech, Language and the Law 5 (2): 87-106.

Svartvik, Jan. 1968. The Evans Statements: A Case for Forensic Linguistics. Gothenburg Studies in English 20. Göteborg: Göteborgs Universitet.

Vrij, Aldert. 2008. Detecting Lies and Deceit: Pitfalls and Opportunities. Second Edition. Chicester: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/li.v32i1.11
View Counter: Abstract Viewed = 223 times PDF | 1077 | times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Linguistik Indonesia Indexed By

CrossrefCrossrefInastiBASENLA CatalogueRoad 

 

@2019

     Creative Commons License   

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Linguistik Indonesia
d.a. Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya
Unika Atma Jaya 
Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 51
Jakarta 12930 - Indonesia

View My Stats