INTRODUCTION IN INDONESIAN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND HUMANITIES RESEARCH ARTICLES: HOW INDONESIAN WRITERS JUSTIFY THEIR RESEARCH PROJECTS
Keywords:introduction, research article, rhetorical style
The introductory part of a research article (RA) is very important because in this sectionÂ writers must argue about the importance of their research topic and project so that they can attract their readersâ€™ attention to read the whole article. This study analyzes RA introductions written by Indonesian writers in social sciences and humanities journals. It focuses on how they justify their research topics and research projects. A corpus of 200 research articles written in Indonesian by Indonesian writers and published in Indonesian research journals was analyzed in this study. Following the problem justifying project (PJP) model suggested by Arsyad (2001), the analyses were conducted by using the genre-based analysis of text communicative purpose of â€˜moveâ€™ and â€˜stepâ€™. The result of this study indicates that Indonesian writers justify their research project by introducing the actual research topic, identifying the research problem, and reviewing the current knowledge and practices.
Adnan, Zifirdaus. 2009. â€œSome Potential Problems for Research Articles Written by Indonesian Academics When Submitted to International English Language Journals.â€ Asian EFL Journal Quarterly 11 (1): 107-125.
Arsyad, Safnil. 2001. Rhetorical Structure Analyses of Indonesian Research Articles. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation. The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Arsyad, Safnil. 2013. â€œA Genre-Based Analysis on the Introductions of Research Articles Written by Indonesian Academics.â€ TEFLIN Journal 24 (2): 180-200.
Belcher, Wendy Laura. 2009. Writing Your Journal Article in Twelve Weeks: A Guide to Academic Publishing Success. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Berkenkotter, Carol and Thomas N. Huckin. 1995. Genre Knowledge in Disciplinary Communication: Cognition/Culture/Power. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associat
Day, Abby. 1996. How to Get Research Published in Journals. Hampshire: Gower Publishing
Dudley-Evans, Tony. 1994. â€œGenre Analysis: An Approach to Text Analysis for ESP.â€ In R.M. Coulthard (Ed.). Advances in Written Text Analysis, 219-228. London: Routledge.
Gudykunst, William and Stella Ting-Toomey. 1988. Culture and Interpersonal Communication, Newbury Park. California: Sage Publication.
Hunston, Susan. 1994. â€œEvaluation and Organization in a Sample of Written Academic Discourse.â€ In R.M. Coulthard (Ed.). Advances in Written Text Analysis, 219-228. London: Routledge.
Keraf, Gorys. 1992. Argumen dan Narasi, Jakarta: Gramedia.
Mirahayuni, Ni Ketut. 2002. Investigating Textual Structure in Native and Nonnative English Research Articles: Strategy Differences between English and Indonesian Writers. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
Nachmias, David and Chava Nachmias. 1976. Research Methods in the Social Sciences. London: St. Martinâ€™s Press.
Rifai, Mien A. 1995. Pegangan Gaya Penulisan, Penyuntingan dan Penerbitan Karya Ilmiah Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Saville-Troike, Muriel. 1982. The Ethnography of Communication. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Shi-xu. 2005. A Cultural Approach to Discourse. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Swales, John M. 1990. Genre Analyses: English in Academic and Research Settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Swales, John M. 2004. Research Genres: Axplorations and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feak. 1994. Academic Writing for Graduate Students: Essential Tasks and Skills. Michigan: The Michigan University Press.
Swales, John M. and Hazzem Najjar. 1987. â€œThe Writing of Research Article Introductions.â€ Written Communication 4 (2): 175-191.
Travers, Robert M.W. 1969. An Introduction to Educational Research (3rd ed.). New York: The Macmillan Company.