• Bernadus Wahyudi Joko Santoso Semarang State University
  • Mohamad Yusuf Ahmad Hasyim Semarang State University
  • Maria Johana Ari Widayanti Semarang State University
  • Eko Widianto Muria Kudus University



social actor’s representation, Irawan’s inauguration of acting governor in West Java, CDA, Theo van Leeuwen


The purpose of this study is to investigate social actors' representation on the inauguration of Acting Governor in West Java 2018, from Ahmad Heryawan (Aher), representing the Right Islamic Party, to Commissioner General Mochamad Iriawan (Iwan), representing the Nationalist Party, in the perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) Theo van Leeuwen model (2008). Method of data collection were the method of reading, namely the intensive and comprehensive reading. We read the social actor’s representations that were represented in mass media online: during 3 days of news, on 18, 19, and 20 of June 2018 where there was a lot of polemics over the Irawan’s inauguration. The was more inclined than supported the inauguration, though according to Indonesian Government, it was legal because in that moment Irawan was as Main Secretary of the National Resilience Institute (Lemhannas), not as an active Chief of Police in Special Capital Region, Jakarta. The data were obtained by copying-paste technique. The analytical methods used were descriptions, interpretations, and explanations. The results of the analysis showed that all pro-government social actors, both in government and "outside the government", supported Irawan's inauguration as acting governor of West Java. On the other hand, social actors who did not support the inauguration are reported as social actors who obey the constitution, educate the people, encourage honesty, uphold democracy and so on. That was why, Irawan's inauguration as acting governor in West Java was reported negatively, such as unconstitutional inauguration, fooling people, violating democracy, public deception, and so on. The difference of the social actors’ representation above was undeniable due to differences in the ideology (nationalism versus Islamism) and political interest ahead of the presidential election last year, in 2019. Thus, it proves that the study of CDA perspective can show us the relationship between language use (discourse), ideology, ‘hidden’ power and also discourse and social practice.

Author Biographies

Bernadus Wahyudi Joko Santoso, Semarang State University

1. French literature

2. postgraduate Indonesian language education

Mohamad Yusuf Ahmad Hasyim, Semarang State University

Arabic language education

Maria Johana Ari Widayanti, Semarang State University

English language and literature education department

Eko Widianto, Muria Kudus University

Indonesian Language and Literature Education Department


Bernard, Taryn. (2018) The Discursive Representation of Social Actors in the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Integrated Annual (IA) Reports of Two South African Mining Companies in Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis across Disciplines. Vol 10 (1): 81 – 97. Accessed on April 2020.

Fairclough, Norman (1989) Language and Power. London: Longman.

Fairclough, Norman. (1995) Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. Harlow: Pearson Education Limited.

Fairclough, N. and Wodak, R. (1997) “Critical Discourse Analysisâ€. In Teun A. van Dijk (ed.) Introduction to Discourse Analysis. Newbury Park: Sage.

Foucault, Michel. (2016) Power/knowledge. Accessed on July 2018.

Halliday, M.A.K. & Matthiessen, C.M.I.M. (2004) Introduction to Functional Grammar (3rd edition). London: Arnold.

Khalfyard, (2015) “Representation in Media.† representation-in-media-56064486.

Kress, Gunther and Theo van Leeuwen. (1996) Multimodal Discourse: The Modes and Media of Contemporary Communication. London: Arnold.

Louw, Paul Eric. (2001) The Media and Cultural Production. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Louw, Paul Eric. (2005) The Media and Political Process. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Lucian. (2003) “School of Media Theoryâ€. Division of Humanities: The University of Chicago.

Moini, Mohammad Raouf. (2016) “The Representation of Social Actors in Top Notch Textbook Series: A Critical Discourse Dnalysis Perspective†in International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching and Research. Islamic Azad University: Iran. Volume 4, Issue 13. Accessed on July 2018.

Potter, Jonathan. (2005) Representing Reality-Discourse, Rhetoric & Social Construction. London: SAGE.

Sahragard, R. and G. Davatgarzadeh. (2010) The Representation of Social Actors in Interchange Third Edition Series: A Critical Discourse Analysis in The Journal of Teaching Language Skills (JTLS). Shiraz University: Shiraz. Vol. 2, No. 1.Ser. 59/4. Accessed on July 2018.

Sperber, Dan. (1996) Explaining Culture–A Naturalistic Approach. Oxford & Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Sudaryanto, (1993) Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa. Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Sujiman, Panuti and Aart van Zoest (Eds.). (1992) Serba-serbi Semiotika. Jakarta: Gramedia, 1992.

Tebba, Sudirman. (2005) Jurnalistik Baru. Jakarta: Kalam Indonesia.

Titscher, S., Meyer, M., Wodak, R. and Vetter, E. (2000) Methods of Text and Discourse Analysis. London: Sage.

van Leeuwen, Theo. (1995) “The Representation of Social Actorsâ€. In Carmen Rosa Caldas-Coulthard & Malcolm Coulthard. (Eds.). Texts and Practices: Reading in Critical Discourse Analysis. London: Routledge.

van Leeuwen, Theo. (2005) Introducing Social Semiotics. Abingdon & New York: Routledge.

van Leeuwen, Theo. (2008) Discourse and Practice–New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

van Dijk, Teun A. (1988) News as Discourse. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers 365 Broadway Hillsdale.

van Dijk, Teun A. (1998) Ideology and Discourse: A Multidisciplinary Introduction. Barcelona: Pompeu Fabra University.

van Dijk, Teun A. (2008) Discourse and Power. Contributions to Critical Discourse Studies. Houndsmills: Palgrave MacMillan. Accessed on June 16, 2018. Accessed on June19, 2018. Accessed on June 20, 2018. Accessed on June 20, 2018. Accessed on April 1, 2020. Accessed on March 17, 2020. Accessed on April 3, 2020. Accessed on April 4, 2020. Accessed on April 4, 2020. Accessed on July 17, 2020. Accessed on July 17, 2020.




How to Cite

Wahyudi Joko Santoso, B., Ahmad Hasyim, M. Y., Widayanti, M. J. A., & Widianto, E. (2022). REPRESENTATION OF SOCIAL ACTORS IN REPUBLIKA.CO.ID AFTER INAUGURATION OF MOCHAMAD IRIAWAN AS ACTING OF WEST JAVA GOVERNOR, INDONESIA. Linguistik Indonesia, 40(2), 245–275.