I Dewa Putu Wijana


This paper deals with a Javanese traditional formula widely known as “jarwa dhosok”. By this formula and motivated by various intentions, Javanese people used to conform wittily the literal meaning of Javanese words with the creative meaning resulted from extension or modification of their consisting syllables. By using a number of data collected from website and added with ones I had found during my 40 year stay in Yogyakarta, I focuse my attention on the approaches of creation, semantic domains, and communicative functions by structural, contextual, and interpretative methods. Mostly jarwa dhosoks” are created by treating the words to be defined as acronyms with final syllabic rhyming pattern, some of them are done with initial and combination of initial and final syllables. Jarwa dhasa created by various kinds of sound changes are much fewer in number. The practises of creating “jarwa dhosok” are used to fulfill various kinds of pragmatic function, mainly emotive, connative, poetic, jocular, and metalinguistic function, etc. Even though most of words to be defined in  “jarwa dhosoks” are created to be semantically conformed with the intentions, many of them might be  difficult to comprehend by outsiders or unfully pledged speakers  without comprehensive understanding of the Javanese cultural practices in its broadest sense.        


jarwa dhosok, Javanese, formula, communicative function

Full Text:



Allan, K.(1986). Linguistic Meaning. Volume 1, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Carrol, J.B.(1956). Language Thought, and Reality: Selected writting of Benjamin Lee Whorf. Cambridge, Mass MIT Press.

Cook, Guy. (2000). Language Play, Language Learning. Oxford University Press.

Daryanto. (1999). Kawruh Basa Jawa Pepak. Surabaya: Apollo Lestari.

Duranti, A.(1997). Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge University Press.

Folley, W.A.( 2001). Anthropological Linguistics: An Introduction. Blackwell Publisher.

Hedrokumoro.(2017). Peribahasa Bahasa Jawa. Ph.D. Thesis. Humanities Study Program. Gadjah Mada University.

Holmes, J.(1995). An Introduction of Sociolinguistics. London: Longman.

Jakobson, R. (1966) Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics. In Thomas A. Sebeok (Ed.). Style in Language . 350-359. Cambridge, Massachussetts. The MIT Press.

Marsono & W. Hendrosaputro.(1999). Ensiklopedi Kebudayaan Jawa. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Studi Jawa.

Parker, F.(1996). Linguistics for Non-linguists. London: Taylor &Francis Ltd.

Prihadi (2015). Sistem Toponomi Padukuhan/Kampung di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Ph.D. Thesis. Sebelas Maret University.

Rahyono, F.X.( 2015). Kearifan Budaya dalam Kata. (revised Edition). Jakarta: Wedatama Widya Sastra.

Raskin, Victor.(1985). Semantic Mechanism of Humor. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Setyari, Agustina Dewi.(2007). Penyandra Bentuk Tubuh Indah Dalam Bahasa Jawa. Master Thesis Post Graduate Program. Gadjah Mada University.

Slametmuljana.(1956). Peristiwa Bahasa dan Sastra. First Edition. Bandung: Ganaco N.V.

Sujono.(2003). Idiom dalam Bahasa Jawa. Master Thesis. Post Graduate Program Gadjah Mada University.

Stokhof, W.A.L.(1981). 100 Woisika Riddles. Majalah Ilmu-ilmu Sastra Indonesia. 9(1).59-102.

Teeuw, A.(1983). Tentang Paham dan Salah Paham dalam Membaca Puisi. Membaca dan Menilai Sastra. 37-57. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Utomo, S.S.(2009). Kamus Lengkap Jawa-Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Wardaugh, Ronald.(1986). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Verhaar, J.W.M.(1996). Azas-azas Linguistik. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Wijana, I D.P.(2009a). Sexual Problems in Proverbial Puns. In F.X. Nadar, Ida Rochani Adi and Tofan Dwi Hardjanto (eds.). Lenses. 357-372. Yogyakarta: Faculty of Cultural Sciences.

Wijana, I D.P.(2009b). Asosiasi Pornografis Judul-judul Berita Artis dalam Media Massa Cetak. In I D.P. Wijana & M. Rohmadi (Eds.). Analisis Wacana Pragmatik. 161-188. Surakarta: Yuma Pustaka.

Wijana, I D.P.(2010). Bahasa Gaul Remaja Indonesia. Malang: Aditya Media.

Wijana, I D.P.(2015). Wangsalan dalam Bahasa Jawa. Jati Diri Manusia Indonesia dalam Perspektif Pembentukan Karakter Bangsa. 111-126. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Wijana, I D.P. ( 2019). On Javanese Riddles. In TularSudarmadi & Saeful Anwar (Eds.). Sekar Rinonce. 1-15. Yogyakarta: Program Studi Sastra Jawa Universitas Gadjah Mada.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/li.v40i2.363
View Counter: Abstract Viewed = 125 times PDF | 84 | times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Linguistik Indonesia Indexed By

CrossrefCrossrefInastiBASENLA CatalogueRoad 



     Creative Commons License   

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Linguistik Indonesia
d.a. Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya
Unika Atma Jaya 
Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 51
Jakarta 12930 - Indonesia

View My Stats