OMISSION REPERCUSSIONS IN THE UTTERANCES OF ADULTS SUFFERING FROM AUTISTIC SPECTRUM DISORDER
Keywords:autistic language, language disorder, omissions in Bahasa Indonesia, deficits in social communication
Autism Spectrum Disorder (hereinafter referred to as ASD ) is a developmental disorder experienced by a person since childhood, which causes an inability to communicate and express feelings. This research is an extension of previous research that investigated the language development of ASD children in relation to aspects of discourse that affect speech omission (Halliday & Matthiessen, 2013a). This study uses primary data derived from spontaneous speeches from 2 adults with ASD and 6 children with normal development. Children with normal development were included in the control group as a comparison to see the phenomenon of omission by using storytelling techniques with or without pictures. The second data collection technique is the storytelling technique without assistance. Researchers have prepared a general theme given to research participants. This study confirms and shows that the phenomenon of omission that is present in the speech of adults with ASD and children with normal development as a control group is not too much different quantitatively, but qualitatively has characteristics that can be used as comparisons. This special characteristic is related to the problem of autism spectrum disorders, namely the ability to communicate in responding to the interlocutor. In the end, the results of this study can contribute as a first step in diagnosing language disorders for people with ASD .
Alwi, H., Dardjowidjojo, S., Lapoliwa, H., & Moeliono, A. M. (2000). Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR. In American Psychiatric Association Publishing.
American Psychiatric Association. (2022). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition DSM-5. In American Psychiatric Association Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-8166(95)80062-X
Bishop, D. V. M. (2014). Uncommon Understanding: Development and Disorders of Language Comprehension in Children. In Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203381472
Creswell, W. J., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative adn Mixed Methods Approaches (5th ed.). SAGE Publications, Inc.
Feinstein, A. (2010). A History of Autism: Conversations with the Pioneers. A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication.
Frith, U. (2008). Autism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 127.
Frith, U., & Hill, E. L. (2004). Autism: Mind and Brain. In Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-4422(04)00830-0
Goldstein, G., & Beers, S. R. (2013). Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment: Intellectual and Neuropsychological Assessment. In John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (Vol. 1). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780471726753
Goodglass, H., Kaplan, E., & Barresi, B. (2001). Assessment of Aphasia and Related Disorders. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2013). Hallidayâ€™s introduction to functional grammar: Fourth edition. In Hallidayâ€™s Introduction to Functional Grammar: Fourth Edition. Taylor & Francis Group. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203431269
Kolk, H. (2001). Does agrammatic speech constitute a regression to child language? A three-way comparison between agrammatic, child, and normal ellipsis. Brain and Language, 77(3), 340â€“350. https://doi.org/10.1006/brln.2000.2406
Kridalaksana, H. (1999). Tata Wacana Deskriptif Bahasa Indonesia. Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa Departmen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
McShane, M. J. (2005). A Theory of Ellipsis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Inc.
Rice, M., Warren, S., & Betz, S. (2005). Language symptoms of developmental language disorders: An overview of autism, Down syndrome, fragile X, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome. Applied Psycholinguistics, 26(1), 7â€“27.
Sartuni, R. (2000). Aplikasi Bahasa Indonesia di Perguruan Tinggi. Bogor: Maharini Press.
Schopler, E., Yirmiya, N., Shulman, C., & Marcus, L. M. (2002). The Research Basis for Autism Intervention. In Kluwer Academic Publishers (Vol. 59).
Sugono, D. (1995). Pelesapan Subjek dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.