Huili Li, I Praptomo Baryadi, I Dewa Putu Wijana


As a language which is quite extensively used, Indonesian segments are already known to linguists. Although experimental research methodology is relatively new, it is useful for undertaking further research on Indonesian phonology and phonetics. It can assist in generating phonological and phonetic data as evidence of sounds within a theoretical framework. Sound pattern study by means of experimentation is selected as the theoretical framework for this research. As sound patterns of one language consist of many subparts, this research only focuses on the Indonesian plosive sound pattern. This paper examines sound pattern of Indonesian plosives and their special features. In order to do this research, a quantitative method is adopted for data collection and analysis. Indonesian words with plosives at the beginning of the second syllable and first syllable are respectively designed as stimuli for recordings. Then sound analysis software Praat is applied to measure gap and the voice onset time of plosives as parameters of data. The result of this research shows that the Indonesian plosive sound pattern forms two clear clusters on an acoustic plosive chart. Voiceless plosives have a longer gap duration than their corresponding voiced plosives. Front plosives in the vocal cavity have a longer gap than back plosives, but are shorter in VOT length. Such acoustic results will provide the basis for further research such as auditory phonetics experimental research and second language acquisition. Additionally, the visualization of abstract concepts, compared to the Chinese sound pattern, will help Indonesian learners from China better understand the Indonesian sound pattern and Indonesian language teachers to seek better solution to students’ pronunciation problems.


Indonesian language plosives, sound pattern, experimental research

Full Text:



Ali, L. (2000). Sejarah Ejaan Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Alwi, H., Dardjowidjojo, S., Lapoliwa, H., & Moeliono, A. M. (Eds.). (2010). Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia (Ketiga). Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Chaer, A. (2009). Fonologi Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Penerbit Rineka CiptaChomsky, N., & Halle, M. (1968). The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper& Row.

Ladefoged, P., & Johnson, K. (2006). A Course in Phonetics (7th ed.). Stamford: Cengage Learning.

Lapoliwa, H. (1981). A Generative Approach to the Phonology of Bahasa Indonesia. Canberra: Department of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, The Australian National University.

Liang, Y. (2014). Comparison Study of Indonesian and Chinese Phonemics. Hunan Normal University. Retrieved from印

尼语与汉语语音对比研究 10/09/2016

Muslich, M. (2008). Fonologi Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara.

Ohala, J. J., & Jaeger, J. J. (Eds.). (1986). Experimental Phonology. Orlando: Academic Press, Inc.

Shi, F. (2008). 语音格局 Sound Pattern. Beijing: The Commercial Press.

Shi, F. (2009). 实验音系学探索 Exploration of Experimental Phonology. Beijing: Peking University Press.

Shi, F. (2012). 语音平面实验录 Experiments of Phonetic Level. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.

Shi, F. (2013). 语调格局 Sound Pattern of Intonation. Beijing: Beijing Language and Culture University Press.

Zhu, G. (2008). Bahasa Indonesia Kuliah Intensif Tingkat Dasar. Guangzhou: World Book Publisher.

View Counter: Abstract Viewed = 673 times PDF | 496 | times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Linguistik Indonesia Indexed By

CrossrefCrossrefInastiBASENLA CatalogueRoad 



     Creative Commons License   

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Linguistik Indonesia
d.a. Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya
Unika Atma Jaya 
Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 51
Jakarta 12930 - Indonesia

View My Stats