ANALISIS KOMPARATIF ANTARA BAHASA JAMEE (ACEH) DAN BAHASA MINANGKABAU (BUKITTINGGI)

NFN Ramli, Novia Erwandi

Abstract


The problems in this study are the differences in phonology, lexical, morphology, and syntactic structure between Jamee (Aceh) and Minangkabau (Bukittinggi). The aim of this research is to know the difference of phonology, lexical, morphology, and syntactic structure between Jamee language and Minangkabau Bukittinggi language. The method used in this research was descriptive with qualitative approach. Data were collected by observation, interview, and documentation techniques. The data sources in this research were 5 speakers of Jamee language and 5 speakers of Minangkabau Bukittingi language. the data analysis procedures were data selection, data classification, and data presentation. The results of research in this article phonological differences, there were / ɛ / and / ɔ / in vocal system of Jamee, / a / while vocal system of Minangkabau Bukittinggi language and Jamee / ɣ / or / R / language consonant system, while Minangkabau Bukittinggi language / r /, then there were pronunciation differences include single vowels, double vowels, and consonants. These differences consist of nouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs. For affixation, the difference lies in the insertion (infix) -al-, -ar- in Jamee and -am-, -um- in Minangkabau Bukittinggi. The suffixes (suffixes) -en, -ken in Jamee, -in the Minangkabau language of Bukittinggi, and the ends (confix) there were me-ken, me-en, ma-kan, ma-an in Minangkabau language Bukittinggi, except prefixes. The prefixes of the two languages have similarity. The differences was also seen from word classification in verbs, nouns, adjectives, numerelia, and adverbs. In terms of the type of word repetition there was no difference only in the form of words or basic words only, while the sentence structure of the two languages have in similarities.

Keywords


Comparative analysis, Jamee language, Minangkabau Bukittinggi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Wahab, Marlian, Rohana, &Gade.(1990). Struktur Bahasa Jamee. Jakarta: Proyek Penelitian Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia dan Sastra

Ayub, Asni. (2008). Tata Bahasa Minangkabau. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Burhanuddin, Erwina. (2009). Kamus Bahasa Minangkabau-Indonesia Balai Bahasa Padang.Padang: Pusat Bahasa Pendidikan Nasional.

Hasanah, Eva. (2015). Analisis Komparatif Antara Bahasa Jawa Dialek Jember dan Bahasa Jawa Standar. Jurnal Republika Budaya,1, 2-11.

Mahsun. (2005). Metode Penelitian Bahasa: Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan Tekniknya. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Moussay, Gerard. (1998). Tata Bahasa Minangkabau. Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Samarin, W.J. (1988). Ilmu bahasa Lapangan.Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Sufi, Rusdi. (1998). Keanekaragaman Suku dan Budaya Aceh. Banda Aceh: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Balai Kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional.

Sugiyono. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&d. Bandung: Alfabeta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26499/li.v37i1.85
View Counter: Abstract Viewed = 135 times PDF | 64 | times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Linguistik Indonesia Indexed By

CrossrefInastiNLA Catalogue              

 

@2019

     Creative Commons License    

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Linguistik Indonesia
d.a. Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya
Unika Atma Jaya 
Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No. 51
Jakarta 12930 - Indonesia

View My Stats